Ketamine is gaining popularity in the mental health treatment realm as it is a safe, efficient, and non-invasive approach to addressing several mental health issues. Patients diagnosed with treatment-resistant depressive disorders, treatment-resistant bipolar disorders, anxiety, OCD, and trauma are all finding that ketamine therapies help them manage symptoms that haven’t found relief with alternative, more traditional treatment methods. However, many people who consider ketamine therapies may not realize that there are a couple of different types of ketamine therapy options. Considering the different types of ketamine therapies can help you better determine which may be right for you.
Ketamine can be administered in a variety of ways. Ketamine contains molecules that mirror each other on both sides. But, they can be in two different forms, S (-) and R (+), which means either right or left. Right and left-sided isomers of ketamine determine the application of the ketamine, but they both work in the same way – blocking the NDMA receptor in the brain that is responsible for glutamate, a neurotransmitter that stimulates the brain to establish new neurological connections. These newly established neurological connections in the brain can help to reduce the symptoms of depression and other symptoms of mental health issues including anxiety, trauma, etc.
The different types of ketamine administrations depend on the left or right-facing isomers and include intravenous application (IV) and nasal spray application.
Intravenous ketamine therapy is applied through an IV so that the medication is introduced directly into the bloodstream. This allows the ketamine to work immediately and many patients who utilize this approach experience symptom relief as soon as the first session is complete. The dose of ketamine is minimal but may vary from person to person depending on an individual’s needs, medical history, size, etc. With this type of administration, ketamine is slowly introduced into the body and it takes about an hour for sessions to be done. The number of sessions a person will utilize will also vary and should be determined by your ketamine specialist before sessions begin.
The nasal spray administration of ketamine is known as esketamine nasal spray, as the substance is not directly ketamine, but contains the isotopes to work in this form of administration – directly through the nasal passageway. It’s administered through an inhaler and breathed with the help and guidance of a medical specialist. Sessions will be determined by your specialist and will require a schedule to experience the best results. This type of ketamine administration is suggested for people who may not be good candidates for intravenous ketamine applications due to a fear of needles or other complications.
Regardless of the type of ketamine therapy a patient utilizes, it’s important to know a few different things. Firstly, ketamine therapy requires dedication as there will always be a schedule for sessions and every session must be utilized to get the full results of ketamine therapy. Secondly, it’s important to know that not everyone will be a good candidate for ketamine therapies. It is important to be upfront and honest with your ketamine provider about your medical history, your mental health treatment history, your symptoms, and your daily habits before considering ketamine as a treatment method.
If you are wondering if ketamine therapies are right for you, Delray Brain Science can help. We offer outpatient ketamine therapy sessions for people who are struggling with treatment-resistant mental health issues as well as chronic pain issues. Find out more about our specific method for ketamine infusions and nasal spray treatments from our website.