What is Neurofeedback?

Neurofeedback is a non-invasive therapeutic technique that aims to help individuals regulate and optimize their brain activity. Also known as EEG biofeedback. Neurofeedback involves monitoring the electrical activity of the brain, specifically by reading the electroencephalogram (EEG) signals. This is done in a manner that can provide real-time feedback to the individual. This feedback typically comes in the form of visual or auditory cues, such as video games, sounds, or images, which respond to changes in the individual’s brainwave patterns.

The process of receiving neurofeedback treatment involves the following steps:

QEEG Assessment: A QEEG (Quantitative EEG) is used to assess the patient’s baseline brainwave patterns. This helps identify normal brain functioning as well as any irregularities of brain activity indicative of some sort of imbalance or dysfunction.

Neurofeedback at Delray Center for Brain ScienceBrain Training: During a neurofeedback brain training session, sensors are first placed on the individual’s scalp to monitor their brainwave activity. The person is then engaged in an activity, typically some type of video or computer game, where the feedback is provided. When the individual’s detected brainwave patterns move toward a favorable state or specific brainwave frequencies, they receive positive feedback (such as a video of a movie clip playing or a computer-based game progressing), reinforcing those patterns.

Learning and Self-Regulation: With recurrent and increased reinforcement, the brain eventually starts to produce the desired brain activity on its own. Over multiple sessions, individuals learn to self-regulate their brain activity. The goal is to consistently shift their brainwave patterns toward a more balanced and desired state. Individuals with attention deficit disorders can learn to increase their focus or help those with anxiety regulate their stress responses.

Neurofeedback has been successfully applied to various conditions, including ADHD, anxiety, depression, PTSD, and even some neurological disorders. By providing individuals with real-time information about their brain activity, they can learn to consciously or unconsciously modify their brain function in a manner that yields improvements in their symptoms or cognitive functioning.

Benefits and Clinical Application of Neurofeedback


Neurofeedback can be effective in reducing symptoms of anxiety. Here’s how EEG-based brain training can help with anxiety:

Regulating Brain Activity: Anxiety manifests as irregular patterns of brainwave activity on an EEG. Neurofeedback involves monitoring brainwave patterns, specifically targeting those associated with anxiety. By providing real-time feedback, individuals can learn to regulate their brain activity and reduce the excessive, anxious brainwave patterns.

Increasing Self-Awareness: Neurofeedback provides individuals with real-time information about their brain activity. This increased awareness of their neurophysiologic responses to anxiety-inducing situations or thoughts can help them gain better control over their emotions. This awareness facilitates long-term anxiety management.

Stress Reduction: Neurofeedback helps reduce physiological responses associated with stress, such as increased heart rate and muscle tension. By learning to control these physiological responses, individuals can reduce the physical symptoms of anxiety and thus diminish the subjective experience of stress.

Enhancing Relaxation: Neurofeedback can facilitate individuals to enter into a more relaxed and calm state by rewarding brainwave patterns associated with relaxation. Learning to induce this state on demand is beneficial for diminishing both the physical and emotional symptoms of anxiety.

Reduction of Anxiety Symptoms: With continued and consistent brain training, neurofeedback leads to a decrease in the frequency and severity of anxiety symptoms, such as excessive worry, panic attacks, and intrusive thoughts.


Neurofeedback can be used as a complementary or alternative treatment for Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), and it is thought to potentially help individuals with ADD & ADHD in several ways:

Executive Functioning: ADHD notoriously negatively impacts executive functions like planning, organization, and time management. Neurofeedback helps improve these executive functions by reinforcing specific brainwave patterns associated with better cognitive control and organization.

Neurofeedback at Delray Center for Brain ScienceAttention and Focus: One of the core symptoms of ADD & ADHD is inattention and difficulty sustaining focus. Neurofeedback brain training aims to help individuals improve their attention and focus by rewarding and reinforcing brainwave patterns associated with increased concentration. Repeated treatments, can lead to improved attention span.

Reduction of Impulsivity: Individuals with ADHD often struggle with impulsivity, acting abruptly without thinking about the potential consequences. Neurofeedback helps individuals better regulate their impulses by training the brain to reduce hyperactive or impulsive brainwave patterns.

Emotional Regulation: Individuals with ADHD also frequently exhibit emotional dysregulation. Neurofeedback can help individuals with ADHD manage their emotions more effectively by reducing mood swings and improving general emotional stability.

Medication Reduction: Some individuals with ADHD who undergo neurofeedback training may end up needing less medication, or they may find that their medication regimen becomes more effective in combination with neurofeedback. This can be especially appealing to those who prefer non-pharmacological treatments and those who have clinical restrictions on which ADD medications they can take.


Neurofeedback has been explored as a treatment for post-concussion syndrome (PCS), a condition where symptoms persist after a concussion. This involves EEG-based brain training using specific programs and protocols. While the exact mechanisms are not fully understood, neurofeedback may help individuals with concussions in several ways.

More About Neurofeedback

At Delray Brain Science, we believe in harnessing the power of cutting-edge technology to unlock the full potential of the human brain. Our Neurofeedback Therapy is a transformative approach designed to enhance cognitive function, optimize mental well-being, and address various neurological challenges.

Neurofeedback, also known as EEG biofeedback or brainwave training, is a non-invasive therapeutic technique that utilizes real-time monitoring of the brain’s electrical activity. This process involves observing and analyzing electroencephalogram (EEG) signals, which reflect the brain’s functioning.

How Does it Work?

During a Neurofeedback session, sensors are placed on the scalp to measure brainwave activity. These sensors provide valuable data about different brainwave frequencies, such as alpha, beta, theta, and delta. Our expert clinicians then use this information to create a personalized training program.

The individual engages in specific activities, such as games or visual/audio stimuli, while the Neurofeedback system provides instant feedback based on their brainwave patterns. Through this process, individuals learn to self-regulate and optimize their brain function.

Conditions Addressed by Neurofeedback:

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): Neurofeedback has shown significant promise in improving attention, focus, and impulse control in individuals with ADHD.

Anxiety and Depression: By training the brain to achieve more balanced patterns, Neurofeedback can contribute to reduced symptoms of anxiety and depression.

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): Neurofeedback may assist in alleviating the emotional distress associated with traumatic experiences, fostering a sense of calm and stability.

Migraines and Chronic Pain: Neurofeedback has been explored as a complementary approach to manage migraines and chronic pain conditions by influencing the brain’s response to pain signals.

Cognitive Enhancement: For those seeking cognitive optimization, Neurofeedback offers a pathway to enhance memory, concentration, and overall cognitive performance.

Why Choose Delray Brain Science for Neurofeedback Therapy?

Expert Clinicians: Our team comprises experienced clinicians with a deep understanding of neurofeedback techniques and a commitment to personalized care.

State-of-the-Art Technology: Delray Brain Science is equipped with advanced neurofeedback technology to ensure precise monitoring and effective training.

Personalized Treatment Plans: We recognize that each individual is unique. Our clinicians tailor neurofeedback treatment plans to address specific needs and goals.

Pros and Cons of Neurofeedback

Neurofeedback is a cutting-edge therapeutic technique offered at Delray Brain Science, designed to regulate brain activity and enhance mental well-being. Like any approach, Neurofeedback comes with its set of advantages and considerations. Understanding the pros and cons can help individuals make informed decisions about incorporating this innovative therapy into their mental health journey.

Pros of Neurofeedback Therapy

Non-Invasive and Painless: Neurofeedback is a non-invasive therapy that involves placing sensors on the scalp to monitor brainwave activity. It does not involve any invasive procedures or the use of medications, making it a painless and well-tolerated option for many individuals.

Customized Treatment Plans: Delray Brain Science tailors Neurofeedback sessions to the specific needs and goals of each individual. The therapy is highly customizable, allowing for personalized treatment plans that address unique challenges and objectives.

Versatile Applications: Neurofeedback is versatile and can be applied to address various mental health conditions, including ADHD, anxiety, depression, PTSD, and more. Its adaptability makes it a valuable option for individuals with diverse mental health needs.

Evidence-Based Approach: Neurofeedback is backed by scientific research and has demonstrated effectiveness in improving cognitive function and emotional well-being. It is considered an evidence-based approach, contributing to its credibility in the field of mental health.

Drug-Free Alternative: For individuals who prefer non-pharmacological interventions, Neurofeedback provides a drug-free alternative. It focuses on training the brain’s natural patterns without the use of medications, appealing to those seeking holistic and integrative approaches.

Cons of Neurofeedback Therapy

Time Commitment: Neurofeedback typically requires a series of sessions for optimal results. Individuals need to commit to attending sessions regularly, which can be a consideration for those with busy schedules or time constraints.

Cost Considerations: While Neurofeedback is an investment in mental health, the cost of sessions may not be covered by insurance for everyone. It’s essential for individuals to consider the financial aspect and explore available options, including potential insurance coverage.

Varied Response Rates: Individual responses to Neurofeedback can vary. While some individuals may experience noticeable improvements after a few sessions, others may require a more extended treatment period. Managing expectations and being patient is crucial.

What to Expect from Neurofeedback

Understanding what to expect from neurofeedback therapy sessions can help individuals approach their sessions with confidence and a clear understanding of the potential benefits.

Initial Assessment

The journey begins with an initial assessment at Delray Brain Science. This involves a comprehensive evaluation of the individual’s mental health history, symptoms, and goals. The experienced professionals at Delray Brain Science use this information to design a customized Neurofeedback treatment plan.

Personalized Treatment Planning

Every individual is unique, and so is their brain. Delray Brain Science tailors each Neurofeedback treatment plan to address the specific challenges and objectives of the individual. This personalized approach ensures that the therapy aligns with the individual’s needs and goals.

A Comfortable Setting

Neurofeedback sessions take place in a comfortable and relaxing setting at Delray Brain Science. Individuals are seated in a calm environment, and the process is non-invasive. The goal is to create a space where individuals can feel at ease and focus on their journey towards improved mental well-being.

Placement of Sensors for Brain Monitoring

During a Neurofeedback session, sensors are placed on the individual’s scalp to measure brainwave activity. These sensors are painless and do not involve any discomfort. The placement is carefully done to ensure accurate monitoring of brain activity.

Real-Time Feedback

As the session progresses, individuals receive real-time feedback on their brainwave patterns. This feedback is typically delivered through visual or auditory cues, allowing individuals to observe and understand how their brain is responding to different stimuli.

Engaging Activities

Neurofeedback sessions at Delray Brain Science often involve engaging activities such as watching a movie, playing a game, or completing specific tasks. These activities are designed to stimulate the brain and provide the necessary input for the Neurofeedback process.

Progress Monitoring

Throughout the course of Neurofeedback therapy, progress is monitored closely. Delray Brain Science professionals assess how the individual’s brainwave patterns evolve over time and make adjustments to the treatment plan as needed. This ongoing monitoring ensures that the therapy remains effective and aligned with the individual’s goals.

Frequency and Duration

The frequency and duration of Neurofeedback sessions vary based on individual needs. While some individuals may experience positive effects after a few sessions, others may require a more extended treatment period. The experts at Delray Brain Science guide individuals on the recommended schedule for optimal results.

Collaboration and Support

Neurofeedback therapy is a collaborative process at Delray Brain Science. Individuals are encouraged to communicate openly with their practitioners, sharing their observations and experiences. The professionals at Delray Brain Science provide ongoing support and guidance throughout the journey.

How Does Neurofeedback Work?

Neurofeedback therapy is a cutting-edge approach that aims to regulate and optimize brain activity. Understanding how Neurofeedback works provides insight into the innovative process that empowers individuals to enhance cognitive function and improve mental well-being.

Brainwave Monitoring

During a Neurofeedback session, sensors are painlessly placed on the individual’s scalp to measure brainwave activity. These sensors record the electrical signals produced by the brain, specifically focusing on key frequencies associated with different cognitive states and emotional responses.

Real-Time Feedback

As the individual engages in various activities, such as watching a movie or playing a game, the recorded brainwave activity is processed in real-time. Delray Brain Science utilizes advanced technology to provide immediate feedback to the individual, typically through visual or auditory cues.

Reinforcement of Desired Patterns

The essence of Neurofeedback lies in reinforcing specific brainwave patterns associated with improved cognitive function and emotional regulation. When the individual’s brain produces desired patterns, they receive positive feedback. Over time, this reinforcement encourages the brain to adopt more optimal and regulated patterns.

Brain Self-Regulation

Through repeated sessions, individuals learn to self-regulate their brain activity. Neurofeedback empowers individuals to recognize and modify their brainwave patterns consciously. This self-regulation process is crucial for achieving sustainable improvements in cognitive and emotional well-being.

Targeted Training Protocols

Delray Brain Science employs targeted training protocols based on the individual’s goals and challenges. Whether addressing conditions like ADHD, anxiety, depression, or enhancing overall cognitive function, the Neurofeedback sessions are customized to meet specific needs.

Ongoing Progress Monitoring

Neurofeedback therapy is an evolving process at Delray Brain Science. Professionals continuously monitor an individual’s progress, adjusting the treatment plan as needed. This ongoing assessment ensures that the therapy remains aligned with the individual’s evolving goals and responses.

Integration of Neuroplasticity

Neurofeedback takes advantage of the brain’s inherent ability to reorganize and adapt—known as neuroplasticity. Through consistent and targeted feedback, the brain forms new neural connections, optimizing its function and promoting healthier cognitive and emotional responses.

Frequently Asked Questions About Neurofeedback

What is Neurofeedback?

Neurofeedback, also known as EEG biofeedback, is a non-invasive therapeutic technique that aims to regulate and optimize brain activity. It involves monitoring the electrical activity of the brain, specifically by reading the electroencephalogram (EEG) signals.

How does Neurofeedback work?

During a Neurofeedback session, sensors are placed on the scalp to measure brainwave activity. The information is then processed in real-time, and individuals receive feedback through visual or auditory cues. The goal is to train the brain to produce desired patterns associated with improved cognitive function and emotional well-being.

What conditions can Neurofeedback address?

Neurofeedback can be used to address a range of conditions, including ADHD, anxiety, depression, PTSD, sleep disorders, and more. It is a versatile therapy that aims to enhance overall brain function and improve mental health.

Is Neurofeedback safe?

Yes, Neurofeedback is considered a safe and non-invasive therapy. The sensors placed on the scalp only record electrical activity; they do not emit any electrical impulses into the brain. It is a well-tolerated and evidence-based approach with minimal side effects.

How long does a Neurofeedback session last?

The duration of a Neurofeedback session can vary but typically lasts around 30 to 60 minutes. The number of sessions needed depends on the individual’s specific goals and the nature of the condition being addressed.

What can I expect during a Neurofeedback session?

During a session, you will be comfortably seated while sensors are applied to your scalp. You may be asked to engage in activities, such as watching a movie or playing a game, while receiving real-time feedback. The process is painless and relaxing.

How soon will I see results with Neurofeedback?

Individual responses vary, but some individuals may notice improvements after just a few sessions. However, the number of sessions needed for lasting results depends on the complexity of the condition being treated.

Can Neurofeedback be combined with other therapies?

Yes, Neurofeedback can be used as a standalone therapy or in conjunction with other therapeutic approaches. It is often integrated into a comprehensive treatment plan tailored to the individual’s needs.

Is Neurofeedback covered by insurance?

Coverage varies by insurance provider. It’s recommended to check with your insurance company to determine coverage options for Neurofeedback sessions. Delray Brain Science can provide assistance in navigating insurance-related inquiries.