What is Neurofeedback?

Neurofeedback is a variation of Biofeedback that focuses on reading and manipulating brain waves with the use of an EEG. Biofeedback is the general category referring to a method of monitoring skin temperature, blood pressure, heart rate, brain waves and other physiologic functions to then increase self directed control over certain biological processes that normally function in an involuntary manner. The increase in control is achieved through operant conditioning and relaxation. Biofeedback always involves the use of a computerized monitoring device to collect data. Neurofeedback specifically uses an EEG (electro encephalogram) to read brain waves. The different types of brainwaves can be differentiated and the percentage amount of each one in specific areas of the brain calculated. Other variables such as wave amplitude and whether the brain waves are working harmoniously together (regulated) or not (dysregulated) are also detected. Dysregulation is indicative of a inefficient and suboptimal brain performance, a common problem that can often be corrected. The degree and specific locations of dysregulation can be ascertained through brain mapping with Quanatitive EEG (QEEG). Comparisons of how one individual’s brain function compares to others of the same gender and age can also be achieved through Z-score methods. This all sets the stage for corrective action that can diminish dysregulation and significantly improve brain performance.